Processes and patterns in transitions and system innovations: Refining the co-evolutionary multi-level perspective

F.W. Geels

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    336 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    This article investigates transitions at the level of societal functions (e.g., transport, communication, housing). Societal functions are fulfilled by sociotechnical systems, which consist of a cluster of aligned elements, e.g., artifacts, knowledge, markets, regulation, cultural meaning, infrastructure, maintenance networks and supply networks. Transitions are conceptualised as system innovations, i.e., a change from one sociotechnical system to another. The article describes a co-evolutionary multi-level perspective to understand how system innovations come about through the interplay between technology and society. The article makes a new step as it further refines the multi-level perspective by distinguishing characteristic patterns: (a) two transition routes, (b) fit–stretch pattern, and (c) patterns in breakthrough.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)681-696
    Number of pages16
    JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
    Volume72
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

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    Artifacts
    Refining
    Innovation
    Maintenance
    Technology
    Communication
    Evolutionary
    Multi-level perspective
    System innovation
    Socio-technical systems
    Knowledge market
    Supply network
    Market regulation

    Cite this

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    title = "Processes and patterns in transitions and system innovations: Refining the co-evolutionary multi-level perspective",
    abstract = "This article investigates transitions at the level of societal functions (e.g., transport, communication, housing). Societal functions are fulfilled by sociotechnical systems, which consist of a cluster of aligned elements, e.g., artifacts, knowledge, markets, regulation, cultural meaning, infrastructure, maintenance networks and supply networks. Transitions are conceptualised as system innovations, i.e., a change from one sociotechnical system to another. The article describes a co-evolutionary multi-level perspective to understand how system innovations come about through the interplay between technology and society. The article makes a new step as it further refines the multi-level perspective by distinguishing characteristic patterns: (a) two transition routes, (b) fit–stretch pattern, and (c) patterns in breakthrough.",
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    Processes and patterns in transitions and system innovations: Refining the co-evolutionary multi-level perspective. / Geels, F.W.

    In: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol. 72, No. 6, 2005, p. 681-696.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    DO - doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2004.08.014

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