Process Simulation and Economic Analysis of Pre-combustion CO2 Capture With Deep Eutectic Solvents

Kun Xin, Mahmoud Hashish, Ivo Roghair, Martin van Sint Annaland (Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to identify firstly the most important solvent characteristics in the CO2 capture process and secondly to determine how they contribute to the total cost of CO2 separation and analyze the economic feasibility of current deep eutectic solvents (DESs) in literature. A rate-based modeling approach was adopted to simulate pre-combustion CO2 capture. The effects of the flow model and the number of segments were investigated for the Selexol process. Different mass transfer correlations due to Bravo et al. (1985), Billet and Schultes (1993) and Hanley and Chen (2012) were adopted for the rate-based models and compared with the equilibrium modelling approach. Subsequently, property and process models were developed for a mixture of decanoic acid and menthol, in equal quantities. A physical property study was conducted with this DES. The CO2 solubility is found to be very important in all rate-based models, as expected, but properties such as the surface tension, thermal conductivity, heat capacity and volatility had a minor influence on the absorption performance. The solvent viscosity strongly affects the mass transfer rate when using the Hanley and Chen (2012) correlations, whereas it plays only a small role in the other two sets of correlations. Using a high CO2 solubility as criterion, two mixtures of allyl triphenylphosphonium bromide (ATPPB) and diethylene glycol (DEG) were screened out from literature. The conventional Selexol process was set as the benchmark for the evaluation of the performances of these DESs. The optimum capture cost for Selexol process is 27.22, 26.66 and 30.84 $2018/tonne CO2 for the adopted correlations, respectively. When employing two of the three studied mass transfer correlations, the estimated process costs for a capture process using this DES can be similar to the costs of the Selexol process. However, when the liquid viscosity strongly affects the mass transfer rate, as is the case when using the Hanley and Chen (2012) correlations, the Selexol process remains more economical. This strongly indicates the need for further experimental and modelling studies on mass transfer rates in absorption columns (with higher viscosity liquids) to help directing the development of suitable DESs for pre-combustion CO2 capture.

Original languageEnglish
Article number573267
Number of pages13
JournalFrontiers in Energy Research
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • capture cost
  • deep eutectic solvent
  • pre-combustion CO capture
  • property study
  • rate-based model
  • selexol process

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