Probing photo-ionization: simulations of positive streamers in varying N2:O2 mixtures

G. Wormeester, S. Pancheshnyi, A. Luque, S. Nijdam, U. Ebert

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Abstract

Photo-ionization is the accepted mechanism for the propagation of positive streamers in air though the parameters are not very well known; the efficiency of this mechanism largely depends on the presence of both nitrogen and oxygen. But experiments show that streamer propagation is amazingly robust against changes of the gas composition; even for pure nitrogen with impurity levels below 1 ppm streamers propagate essentially with the same velocity as in air, but their minimal diameter is smaller, and they branch more frequently. Additionally, they move more in a zigzag fashion and sometimes exhibit a feathery structure. In our simulations, we test the relative importance of photo-ionization and of the background ionization from pulsed repetitive discharges, in air as well as in nitrogen with 1 ppm O2 . We also test reasonable parameter changes of the photo-ionization model. We find that photo- ionization dominates streamer propagation in air for repetition frequencies of at least 1 kHz, while in nitrogen with 1 ppm O2 the effect of the repetition frequency has to be included above 1 Hz. Finally, we explain the feather-like structures around streamer channels that are observed in experiments in nitrogen with high purity, but not in air.
Original languageEnglish
Article number505201
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume43
Issue number50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Photoionization
photoionization
Nitrogen
nitrogen
air
Air
simulation
propagation
repetition
gas composition
Discharge (fluid mechanics)
Ionization
purity
Gases
Experiments
Impurities
Oxygen
ionization
impurities
oxygen

Cite this

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title = "Probing photo-ionization: simulations of positive streamers in varying N2:O2 mixtures",
abstract = "Photo-ionization is the accepted mechanism for the propagation of positive streamers in air though the parameters are not very well known; the efficiency of this mechanism largely depends on the presence of both nitrogen and oxygen. But experiments show that streamer propagation is amazingly robust against changes of the gas composition; even for pure nitrogen with impurity levels below 1 ppm streamers propagate essentially with the same velocity as in air, but their minimal diameter is smaller, and they branch more frequently. Additionally, they move more in a zigzag fashion and sometimes exhibit a feathery structure. In our simulations, we test the relative importance of photo-ionization and of the background ionization from pulsed repetitive discharges, in air as well as in nitrogen with 1 ppm O2 . We also test reasonable parameter changes of the photo-ionization model. We find that photo- ionization dominates streamer propagation in air for repetition frequencies of at least 1 kHz, while in nitrogen with 1 ppm O2 the effect of the repetition frequency has to be included above 1 Hz. Finally, we explain the feather-like structures around streamer channels that are observed in experiments in nitrogen with high purity, but not in air.",
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Probing photo-ionization: simulations of positive streamers in varying N2:O2 mixtures. / Wormeester, G.; Pancheshnyi, S.; Luque, A.; Nijdam, S.; Ebert, U.

In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 43, No. 50, 505201, 2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Probing photo-ionization: simulations of positive streamers in varying N2:O2 mixtures

AU - Wormeester, G.

AU - Pancheshnyi, S.

AU - Luque, A.

AU - Nijdam, S.

AU - Ebert, U.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

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AB - Photo-ionization is the accepted mechanism for the propagation of positive streamers in air though the parameters are not very well known; the efficiency of this mechanism largely depends on the presence of both nitrogen and oxygen. But experiments show that streamer propagation is amazingly robust against changes of the gas composition; even for pure nitrogen with impurity levels below 1 ppm streamers propagate essentially with the same velocity as in air, but their minimal diameter is smaller, and they branch more frequently. Additionally, they move more in a zigzag fashion and sometimes exhibit a feathery structure. In our simulations, we test the relative importance of photo-ionization and of the background ionization from pulsed repetitive discharges, in air as well as in nitrogen with 1 ppm O2 . We also test reasonable parameter changes of the photo-ionization model. We find that photo- ionization dominates streamer propagation in air for repetition frequencies of at least 1 kHz, while in nitrogen with 1 ppm O2 the effect of the repetition frequency has to be included above 1 Hz. Finally, we explain the feather-like structures around streamer channels that are observed in experiments in nitrogen with high purity, but not in air.

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