Probing force with mechanobase-induced chemiluminescence

J.M. Clough, A. Balan, T.L.J. Van Daal, R.P. Sijbesma

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Mechanophores capable of releasing N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC), a strong base, are combined with triggerable chemiluminescent substrates to give a novel system for mechanically induced chemiluminescence. The mechanophores are palladium bis-NHC complexes, centrally incorporated in poly(tetrahydrofuran) (pTHF). Chemiluminescence is induced from two substrates, adamantyl phenol dioxetane (APD) and a coumaranone derivative, upon sonication of dilute solutions of the polymer complex and either APD or the coumaranone. Control experiments with a low molecular weight Pd complex showed no significant activation and the molecular weight dependence of the coumaranone emission supports the mechanical origin of the activation. The development of this system is a first step towards mechanoluminescence at lower force thresholds and catalytic mechanoluminescence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1445–1449
Number of pages5
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2015


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