Pressure drop effects on selectivity and resolution in packed-column supercritical fluid chromatography

X.W. Lou, J.G.M. Janssen, H.M.J. Snijders, C.A.M.G. Cramers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


The influence of pressure drop on retention, selectivity, plate height and resolution was investigated systematically in packed supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) using pure carbon dioxide as the mobile phase. Numerical methods developed previously which enabled the prediction of pressure gradients, diffusivities, capacity factors, plate heights and resolutions along the length of the column were used for the model calculations. The effects of inlet pressure and supercritical fluid flow rate on selectivity and resolution are studied. In packed column SFC with pure carbon dioxide as the mobile phase, the pressure drop can have a significant effect on resolution. The flow rate is shown to have a larger effect than generally realized. The calculated data are shown to be in good agreement with the experimental results. Finally, the variation of the chromatographic parameters along a 5.5 meter long model SFC column is illustrated. The possibilities and limitations of using long packed columns in SFC are discussed. It is demonstrated that long columns with large plate numbers do not necessarily yield better separations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-456
JournalJournal of High Resolution Chromatography
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1996


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