Preparation of zeolite-coated pervaporation membranes for the integration of reaction and separation

T.A. Peters, J. Tuin, van der, C.J.Y. Houssin, M.A.G. Vorstman, N.E. Benes, Z.A.E.P. Vroon, A. Holmen, J.T.F. Keurentjes

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Pervaporation is a promising option to enhance conversion of reversible condensation reactions, generating water as a by-product. In this work, composite catalytic membranes for pervaporation-assisted esterification processes are prepared. Catalytic zeolite H-USY layers have been deposited on silica membranes by dip-coating using TEOS and Ludox AS-40 as binder material. Membrane pre-treatment and the addition of binder to the dip-coat suspension appear to be crucial in the process. Tuning of catalytic layer thickness is possible by varying the number of dip-coat steps. This procedure avoids failure of the coating due to the high stresses, which can occur in thicker coatings during firing. In the pervaporation-assisted esterification reaction the H-USY coated catalytic pervaporation membrane was able to couple catalytic activity and water removal. The catalytic activity is comparable to the activity of the bulk zeolite catalyst. The collected permeate consists mainly of water and the loss of acid, alcohol and ester through the membrane is negligible. The performance of the membrane reactor is mainly limited by reaction kinetics and can be improved by using a more active catalyst.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-295
Number of pages8
JournalCatalysis Today
Issue number2-4
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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