Preparation and characterization of supported bimetallic PdIV–CoIII model catalyst from organometallic single source precursor for aerobic oxidation of alcohols

E. Erasmus, J.W. Niemantsverdriet, J.C. Swarts

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    Abstract

    The bimetallic paddlewheel catalyst precursor, [PdIICoII(µ-OOCCH3)4] H2O·2CH3COOH (1), prepared from [Pd3(µ-OOCCH3)6] and [Co(OOCCH3)2], was used as a single source precursor to prepare, after binding to a surface-hydroxylated silicon wafer and oxidation, the bimetallic oxides of PdIVCoIII/SiO2 catalyst supported on a model planar (i.e., two-dimensional) silicon wafer. This catalyst catalyzes the aerobic oxidation of alcohols to its corresponding carbonyl compounds. The bimetallic tetracarboxylato catalyst precursor was bonded to the surface-hydroxylated silicon wafer by spin-coating and also by grafting. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) revealed that one of the four µ-acetato bridging ligands was substituted by Si–O fragments in a covalent bond formation process during grafting of 1 onto the wafer. In contrast, during the spin-coating process, all four acetato ligands remained intact during fixation on the silicon surface. Upon oxidation and workup, the grafted sample’s Pd:Co ratio remained unchanged (1.0:1.3), whereas the spin-coated sample’s Pd content decreased with respect to Co content. XPS determined binding energies were interpreted to imply that after oxidation in an oxygen/argon mixture of the grafted sample both PdII and CoII were oxidized to produce PdO2 (337.5 eV) and CoIII2O3 (781.1 eV) which most probably interacts with the silicon surface via PdIV–O–Si and CoIII–O–Si bonds. Solvent free aerobic oxidation of octadecanol to its corresponding carbonyl compound was achieved on this oxidized PdIVCoIII/SiO2 model catalyst using molecular oxygen as oxidant under solvent-free conditions. The use of the single source catalyst precursor, 1, resulted in a PdIVCoIII/SiO2 catalyst with superior catalytic activity toward the oxidation of octadecanol over a catalyst prepared from a physical mixture of the separate reactant compounds tripalladium(II) hexaacetate and cobalt(II) diacetate.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)16477-16484
    Number of pages8
    JournalLangmuir
    Volume28
    Issue number47
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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