Predicting scattering properties of ultracold atoms : Adiabatic accumulated phase method and mass scaling

B.J. Verhaar, E.G.M. Kempen, van, S.J.J.M.F. Kokkelmans

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27 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Ultracold atoms are increasingly used for high-precision experiments that can be utilized to extract accurate scattering properties. This results in a stronger need to improve on the accuracy of interatomic potentials, and in particular the usually rather inaccurate inner-range potentials. A boundary condition for this short range can be conveniently given via the accumulated phase method. However, in this approach one should satisfy three conditions, two of which are in principle conflicting, and the validity of these approximations comes under stress when higher precision is required. We show that a better compromise between the two is possible by allowing for an adiabatic change in the hyperfine mixing of singlet and triplet states for interatomic distances smaller than the separation radius. Results we presented previously in a brief publication using this method show a high precision and extend the set of predicted quantities. The purpose of this paper is to describe its background. A mass-scaling approach to relate accumulated phase parameters in a combined analysis of isotopically related atom pairs is described in detail and its accuracy is estimated, taking into account both Born-Oppenheimer and Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin breakdown. We demonstrate how numbers of singlet and triplet bound states follow from the mass scaling.
Original languageEnglish
Article number032711
Pages (from-to)032711-1/11
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review A : Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Volume79
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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