Possibilities and limitations of coiling induced secondary flow in capillary supercritical fluid chromatography

J.G.M. Janssen, J.A. Rijks, C.A.M.G. Cramers

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The possibility of enhancing radial mass transfer in capillary SFC by tightly coiling the column is discussed. The influence of coiling-induced secondary flow on the plate height and the speed of analysis in capillary SFC is investigated. It is shown that the experimental plate height in tightly coiled metal or fused silica columns departs from the Golay theory for laminar flow. The effect of the pressure drop associated with the use of higher mobile phase linear velocities is studied. The capacity factors of retained components are used as sensitive probes for pressure drop over the column. Experimental plate heights in coiled columns are compared with values calculated from Tijssen's theory for coiling induced secondary flow. At low velocities a good quantitative agreement was observed between the theory and the experimental results. At intermediate velocities only a qualitative agreement is found. The speed of analysis in coiled columns was found to be up to 5 times higher than in straight capillaries. The largest gain in analysis speed was obtained for solutes with low capacity factors. It is shown that coiling the column can have a positive influence on the detectability. For tightly coiled 210 m i.d. columns the advantages of coiling-induced secondary flow could be fully exploited without adverse effects of the column pressure drop. For 50 m columns the possibility to increase the speed of analysis by coiling was limited due to the high pressure drop.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-482
JournalJournal of High Resolution Chromatography
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1990


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