Positive streamers in air of varying density : experiments on the scaling of the excitation density

D. Dubrovin, S. Nijdam, T.T.J. Clevis, L.C.J. Heijmans, U. Ebert, Y. Yair, C. Price

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Streamers are rapidly extending ionized finger-like structures that dominate the initial breakdown of large gas volumes in the presence of a sufficiently strong electric field. Their macroscopic parameters are described by simple scaling relations, where the densities of electrons and of excited molecules in the active streamer front scale as the square of the density of the neutral gas. In this work we estimate the absolute density of nitrogen molecules, excited to the C3¿u state that emit photons in the 2P–N2 band, by radiometrically calibrated short exposure intensified imaging. We test several pressures (100, 200 and 400¿mbar) in artificial air at room temperature. Our results provide a first confirmation for the scaling of the density of excited species with the gas density. The method proposed here is particularly suitable to characterize the excitation densities in sprite streamers in the atmosphere.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)055205-1/10
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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