Porous carbons from ionic liquid precursors confined within nanoporous silicas

O. Tzialla, G. Kakosimos, C. Athanasekou, E. Galata, G.E. Romanos, G. Pilatos, Lawien Zubeir, Maaike Kroon, B. Iliev, T.J.S. Schubert, K.G. Beltsios

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We propose Vycor® porous glass and various types of enhanced pore size Vycor® (hereafter referred to eps-Vycor®) as hard templates for the development of micro-mesoporous N-doped carbons via nanocasting/thermolytic treatment of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium tricyanomethanide Ionic Liquids (ILs). Vycor® is less costly than mesoporous ordered silicas of the type SBA-15 and MCM-41 which are sometimes employed for the development of micro-mesoporous carbons (CMK-3) as inverse replicas from the solid matrix; in addition Vycor® and eps-Vycor® can also be used in the form of sheets or tubes, thus opening the road for the development of composite carbon/silica substrate membranes with molecular sieving characteristics. We find that the nitrile functional groups in the anion of the IL lead to enhanced carbon yield while nanocasting and nanoconfinement are decisive for producing functional carbons with high levels of microporosity. In addition, the developed functional carbons exhibited extended mesoporosity with characteristic H2 or H1 types of hysteresis in their N2 adsorption isotherms (77 K), solely in the cases when eps-Vycor® was applied as the hard template. The widening of the Vycor® pores, especially of the pore constrictions by treatment in HF for varying periods led to the formation of thicker carbon nanodomains that exhibited the required mechanical stability to retain the inverse structure (replica) upon dissolution of the hard template.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)163-175
    JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
    Volume223
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2016

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