Plasmonic distributed feedback lasers at telecommunications wavelengths

M.J.H. Marell, B. Smalbrugge, E.J. Geluk, P.J. Veldhoven, van, B. Barcones Campo, B. Koopmans, R. Notzel, M.K. Smit, M.T. Hill

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Abstract

We investigate electrically pumped, distributed feedback (DFB) lasers, based on gap-plasmon mode metallic waveguides. The waveguides have nano-scale widths below the diffraction limit and incorporate vertical groove Bragg gratings. These metallic Bragg gratings provide a broad bandwidth stop band (~500nm) with grating coupling coefficients of over 5000/cm. A strong suppression of spontaneous emission occurs in these Bragg grating cavities, over the stop band frequencies. This strong suppression manifests itself in our experimental results as a near absence of spontaneous emission and significantly reduced lasing thresholds when compared to similar length Fabry-Pérot waveguide cavities. Furthermore, the reduced threshold pumping requirements permits us to show strong line narrowing and super linear light current curves for these plasmon mode devices even at room temperature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15109-15118
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Express
Volume19
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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