Plasma poly(acrylic acid) compatibilized hydroxyapatite-polylactide biocomposites for their use as body-absorbable osteosynthesis devices

S. Petisco-Ferrero, L. Pérez Álvarez, L. Ruiz-Rubio, J. L. Vilas Vilela, J. R. Sarasua

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The nanoscale interface between hydroxyapatite (HA) particles and PLLA matrix appears to be the determining factor for poor mechanical performance of this family of biocomposites in load-bearing applications. It has been demonstrated that when these biocomposites are loaded, the physical adsorption between inorganic particles and polymeric matrix does not allow for load transfer and additional free surfaces that act as crack nucleators are created. To overcome this limitation, we propose plasma polymerization of poly (acrylic acid) (PAA) on HA particles as an effective method to produce strong interactions with the polylactide (PLLA) matrix. In this work, evidences of an intimate bonding between HAPAA particles and PLLA are given. Based on the thermodegradation behaviour of the composites it was found that the plasma deposited layer arrested free hydroxyl groups of PLLA chains, hindering the transesterification reactions that cause the thermal degradation of PLLA. As a result, thermal degradation of the composites was retarded and followed the chain scission route producing acetaldehyde, CO and CO2. From the mechanical characterization it became clear that load transfer was developed by means of the PAA compatibilized interface resulting in the observed enhancement of the elasticity and damping behaviour of the biocomposites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-73
Number of pages8
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Volume161
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Acrylic acid
  • HydroxyApatite-polylactide biocomposites
  • Interface
  • Mechanical characterization
  • Melt compounding
  • Plasma polymerization
  • TGA-FTIR

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