Plasma-driven dissociation of CO2 for fuel synthesis

W.A. Bongers (Corresponding author), H. Bouwmeester, B. Wolf, F.J.J. Peeters, S. Welzel, D.C.M. van den Bekerom, N. den Harder, A. Goede, M. Graswinckel, P.W. Groen, J. Kopecki, M. Leins, G.J. van Rooij, A. Schulz, M. Walker, M.C.M. van de Sanden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Power-to-gas is a storage technology aiming to convert surplus electricity from renewable energy sources like wind and solar power into gaseous fuels compatible with the current network infrastructure. Results of CO2 dissociation in a vortex-stabilized microwave plasma reactor are presented. The microwave field, residence time, quenching, and vortex configuration were varied to investigate their influence on energy- and conversion efficiency of CO2 dissociation. Significant deterioration of the energy efficiency is observed at forward vortex plasmas upon increasing pressure in the range of 100 mbar towards atmospheric pressure, which is mitigated by using a reverse vortex flow configuration of the plasma reactor. Data from optical emission shows that under all conditions covered by the experiments the gas temperature is in excess of 4000 K, suggesting a predominant thermal dissociation. Different strategies are proposed to enhance energy and conversion efficiencies of plasma-driven dissociation of CO2.

LanguageEnglish
Article numbere201600126
JournalPlasma Processes and Polymers
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2017

Fingerprint

Carbon Monoxide
Vortex flow
dissociation
vortices
Energy efficiency
Plasmas
synthesis
Conversion efficiency
Gases
reactors
Microwaves
gaseous fuels
microwaves
thermal dissociation
renewable energy
energy sources
gas temperature
configurations
electricity
deterioration

Keywords

  • CO-dissociation
  • efficiency
  • plasma
  • power-to-gas
  • solid-oxide-electrolyser

Cite this

Bongers, W. A., Bouwmeester, H., Wolf, B., Peeters, F. J. J., Welzel, S., van den Bekerom, D. C. M., ... van de Sanden, M. C. M. (2017). Plasma-driven dissociation of CO2 for fuel synthesis. Plasma Processes and Polymers, 14(6), [e201600126]. DOI: 10.1002/ppap.201600126
Bongers, W.A. ; Bouwmeester, H. ; Wolf, B. ; Peeters, F.J.J. ; Welzel, S. ; van den Bekerom, D.C.M. ; den Harder, N. ; Goede, A. ; Graswinckel, M. ; Groen, P.W. ; Kopecki, J. ; Leins, M. ; van Rooij, G.J. ; Schulz, A. ; Walker, M. ; van de Sanden, M.C.M./ Plasma-driven dissociation of CO2 for fuel synthesis. In: Plasma Processes and Polymers. 2017 ; Vol. 14, No. 6.
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Bongers, WA, Bouwmeester, H, Wolf, B, Peeters, FJJ, Welzel, S, van den Bekerom, DCM, den Harder, N, Goede, A, Graswinckel, M, Groen, PW, Kopecki, J, Leins, M, van Rooij, GJ, Schulz, A, Walker, M & van de Sanden, MCM 2017, 'Plasma-driven dissociation of CO2 for fuel synthesis' Plasma Processes and Polymers, vol. 14, no. 6, e201600126. DOI: 10.1002/ppap.201600126

Plasma-driven dissociation of CO2 for fuel synthesis. / Bongers, W.A. (Corresponding author); Bouwmeester, H.; Wolf, B.; Peeters, F.J.J.; Welzel, S.; van den Bekerom, D.C.M.; den Harder, N.; Goede, A.; Graswinckel, M.; Groen, P.W.; Kopecki, J.; Leins, M.; van Rooij, G.J.; Schulz, A.; Walker, M.; van de Sanden, M.C.M.

In: Plasma Processes and Polymers, Vol. 14, No. 6, e201600126, 01.06.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Plasma-driven dissociation of CO2 for fuel synthesis

AU - Bongers,W.A.

AU - Bouwmeester,H.

AU - Wolf,B.

AU - Peeters,F.J.J.

AU - Welzel,S.

AU - van den Bekerom,D.C.M.

AU - den Harder,N.

AU - Goede,A.

AU - Graswinckel,M.

AU - Groen,P.W.

AU - Kopecki,J.

AU - Leins,M.

AU - van Rooij,G.J.

AU - Schulz,A.

AU - Walker,M.

AU - van de Sanden,M.C.M.

PY - 2017/6/1

Y1 - 2017/6/1

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AB - Power-to-gas is a storage technology aiming to convert surplus electricity from renewable energy sources like wind and solar power into gaseous fuels compatible with the current network infrastructure. Results of CO2 dissociation in a vortex-stabilized microwave plasma reactor are presented. The microwave field, residence time, quenching, and vortex configuration were varied to investigate their influence on energy- and conversion efficiency of CO2 dissociation. Significant deterioration of the energy efficiency is observed at forward vortex plasmas upon increasing pressure in the range of 100 mbar towards atmospheric pressure, which is mitigated by using a reverse vortex flow configuration of the plasma reactor. Data from optical emission shows that under all conditions covered by the experiments the gas temperature is in excess of 4000 K, suggesting a predominant thermal dissociation. Different strategies are proposed to enhance energy and conversion efficiencies of plasma-driven dissociation of CO2.

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KW - efficiency

KW - plasma

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KW - solid-oxide-electrolyser

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M3 - Article

VL - 14

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JF - Plasma Processes and Polymers

SN - 1612-8850

IS - 6

M1 - e201600126

ER -

Bongers WA, Bouwmeester H, Wolf B, Peeters FJJ, Welzel S, van den Bekerom DCM et al. Plasma-driven dissociation of CO2 for fuel synthesis. Plasma Processes and Polymers. 2017 Jun 1;14(6). e201600126. Available from, DOI: 10.1002/ppap.201600126