Plasma assisted nitrogen oxide production from air : using pulsed powered gliding arc reactor for a containerized plant

B.S. Patil, F.J.J. Peeters, J.A. Medrano, F. Gallucci, G. van Rooij, J. Lang, Q. Wang, V. Hessel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The production of NOx from air and air + O2 is investigated in a pulsed powered milli-scale gliding arc (GA) reactor, aiming at a containerized process for fertilizer production. Influence of feed mixture, flow rate, temperature, and Ar and O2 content are investigated at varying specific energy input. The findings are correlated with high-speed imaging of the GA dynamics. An O2 content of 40–48% was optimum, with an enhancement of 11% in NOx production. Addition of Ar and preheating of the feed resulted in lower NOx production. Lower flow rates produced higher NOx concentrations due to longer residence time in the GA. The volume covered by GA depends strongly on the gas flow rate, emphasizing that the gas flow rate has a major impact on the GA dynamics and the reaction kinetics. For 0.5 L/min, 1.4 vol % of NOx concentration was realized, which is promising for a containerized process plant to produce fertilizer in remote locations.
LanguageEnglish
Pages526–537
Number of pages12
JournalAIChE Journal
Volume64
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

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Fertilizers
Nitrogen oxides
Nitric Oxide
Gases
Air
Flow rate
Plasmas
Flow of gases
Temperature
Preheating
Reaction kinetics
Imaging techniques

Cite this

@article{00a8b9b6ef754b209a71db425baffd71,
title = "Plasma assisted nitrogen oxide production from air : using pulsed powered gliding arc reactor for a containerized plant",
abstract = "The production of NOx from air and air + O2 is investigated in a pulsed powered milli-scale gliding arc (GA) reactor, aiming at a containerized process for fertilizer production. Influence of feed mixture, flow rate, temperature, and Ar and O2 content are investigated at varying specific energy input. The findings are correlated with high-speed imaging of the GA dynamics. An O2 content of 40–48{\%} was optimum, with an enhancement of 11{\%} in NOx production. Addition of Ar and preheating of the feed resulted in lower NOx production. Lower flow rates produced higher NOx concentrations due to longer residence time in the GA. The volume covered by GA depends strongly on the gas flow rate, emphasizing that the gas flow rate has a major impact on the GA dynamics and the reaction kinetics. For 0.5 L/min, 1.4 vol {\%} of NOx concentration was realized, which is promising for a containerized process plant to produce fertilizer in remote locations.",
author = "B.S. Patil and F.J.J. Peeters and J.A. Medrano and F. Gallucci and {van Rooij}, G. and J. Lang and Q. Wang and V. Hessel",
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pages = "526–537",
journal = "AIChE Journal",
issn = "0001-1541",
publisher = "American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE)",
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Plasma assisted nitrogen oxide production from air : using pulsed powered gliding arc reactor for a containerized plant. / Patil, B.S.; Peeters, F.J.J.; Medrano, J.A.; Gallucci, F.; van Rooij, G.; Lang, J.; Wang, Q.; Hessel, V.

In: AIChE Journal, Vol. 64, No. 2, 2018, p. 526–537.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Patil,B.S.

AU - Peeters,F.J.J.

AU - Medrano,J.A.

AU - Gallucci,F.

AU - van Rooij,G.

AU - Lang,J.

AU - Wang,Q.

AU - Hessel,V.

PY - 2018

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AB - The production of NOx from air and air + O2 is investigated in a pulsed powered milli-scale gliding arc (GA) reactor, aiming at a containerized process for fertilizer production. Influence of feed mixture, flow rate, temperature, and Ar and O2 content are investigated at varying specific energy input. The findings are correlated with high-speed imaging of the GA dynamics. An O2 content of 40–48% was optimum, with an enhancement of 11% in NOx production. Addition of Ar and preheating of the feed resulted in lower NOx production. Lower flow rates produced higher NOx concentrations due to longer residence time in the GA. The volume covered by GA depends strongly on the gas flow rate, emphasizing that the gas flow rate has a major impact on the GA dynamics and the reaction kinetics. For 0.5 L/min, 1.4 vol % of NOx concentration was realized, which is promising for a containerized process plant to produce fertilizer in remote locations.

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