Planar 3-dimensional assignment problems with Monge-like cost arrays

A. Custic, B. Klinz, G.J. Woeginger

Research output: Book/ReportReportAcademic

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Given an $n\times n\times p$ cost array $C$ we consider the problem $p$-P3AP which consists in finding $p$ pairwise disjoint permutations $\varphi_1,\varphi_2,\ldots,\varphi_p$ of $\{1,\ldots,n\}$ such that $\sum_{k=1}^{p}\sum_{i=1}^nc_{i\varphi_k(i)k}$ is minimized. For the case $p=n$ the planar 3-dimensional assignment problem P3AP results. Our main result concerns the $p$-P3AP on cost arrays $C$ that are layered Monge arrays. In a layered Monge array all $n\times n$ matrices that result from fixing the third index $k$ are Monge matrices. We prove that the $p$-P3AP and the P3AP remain NP-hard for layered Monge arrays. Furthermore, we show that in the layered Monge case there always exists an optimal solution of the $p$-3PAP which can be represented as matrix with bandwidth $\le 4p-3$. This structural result allows us to provide a dynamic programming algorithm that solves the $p$-P3AP in polynomial time on layered Monge arrays when $p$ is fixed.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Publication series

Volume1405.5210 [math.CO]


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