Plücker varieties and higher secants of Sato's Grassmannian

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Every Grassmannian, in its Pl\"ucker embedding, is defined by quadratic polynomials. We prove a vast, qualitative, generalisation of this fact to Pl\"ucker varieties, which are families of varieties in exterior powers of vector spaces that, like Grassmannians, are functorial in the vector space and behave well under duals. A special case of our result says that for each fixed natural number k, the k-th secant variety of any Pl\"ucker-embedded Grassmannian is defined in bounded degree independent of the Grassmannian. Our approach is to take the limit of a Pl\"ucker variety in the dual of a highly symmetric space commonly known as the infinite wedge, and to prove that up to symmetry the limit is defined by finitely many polynomial equations. For this we prove the auxilliary result that for every natural number p the space of p-tuples of infinite-by-infinite matrices is Noetherian modulo row and column operations. Our results have algorithmic counterparts: every bounded Pl\"ucker variety has a polynomial-time membership test, and the same holds for Zariski-closed, basis-independent properties of p-tuples of matrices.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages25
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Publication series

Volume1402.1667 [math.AG]


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