Pilot-scale production process for high internal phase emulsions: experimentation and modeling

A. Dubbelboer, J.J.M. Janssen, H. Hoogland, E. Zondervan, J. Meuldijk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The droplet size distribution determines some crucial properties for high internal phase emulsion (HIPE) products such as product structure, mouth feel and color. This research describes the development of a population balance model which aims at the prediction of the droplet size distribution. The objective is to find one set of parameters which is able to describe a well-planned experimental dataset. Two issues in particular are addressed in this paper. First, a redistribution function is introduced which is based on single droplet breakage. The number of daughter droplets is now a function of the system properties instead of an arbitrary constant. This approach significantly improved the model predictions. Second, the shear thinning viscosity of the HIPEs at high shear rates was measured and modeled using a semi-empirical model, which is based on the renowned Cross model. The modified Cross model was able to describe the viscosity of 18 different mayonnaises varying in oil content over a shear rate range from 10-1to104s-1 with a average deviation of 16%. The population balance model was able to reproduce the Sauter mean diameter D3,2 and the cumulative volume mean diameter Dv,10 with one set of fit-parameters but failed to estimate the larger droplet sizes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberCES-D-15-01985R1
Pages (from-to)32-43
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume148
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2016

Keywords

  • High internal phase emulsion
  • High shear viscometry
  • Mayonnaise
  • Population balance equations
  • Two-way coupling

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