Picosecond high-voltage switching for multi-stage DC electron acceleration

G.J.H. Brussaard, J. Hendriks, M.J. Wiel, van der

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

1 Citation (Scopus)


For the acceleration of ultra high-brightness electron bunches, accelerating gradients of 1—2 GV/m have been achieved using a pulsed DC accelerator. To accelerate to higher energies, it would be desirable to extend this concept in a multi-stage configuration. To do this, and still maintain a high average accelerating gradient, it is necessary to switch the high-voltage pulses in less than 10 ps. A way to achieve this is to create a line focus between two electrodes using a high power femtosecond laser. At laser intensities above approximately l0~ W1m2 tunneling ionization causes near-instantaneous ionization of a complete plasma channel between the electrodes, Because of the instantaneous ionization and high degree of ionization in the plasma channel, picosecond switching precision can be achieved in a properly designed matched geometry. This concept was tested using a prototype switch consisting of two coaxial transmission lines, interrupted by a 1 mm gap. One of the transmission lines was charged to 4.5 kV. A fcmtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser was used to close the switch. Using cylindrical optics, a line focus was created between the electrodes to form the conducting channel, At high power (~0.2 TW) the jitter between the laser and the front of the transmitted high-voltage pulse was less than 15 Ps.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 15th International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams (BEAMS 2004) 18-23 July 2004, Saint Petersburg, Russia
EditorsG. Mesyats
Place of PublicationSaint Petersburg
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Event15th International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams (BEAMS 2004) - Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Duration: 18 Jul 200423 Jul 2004
Conference number: 15


Conference15th International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams (BEAMS 2004)
Abbreviated titleBEAMS 2004
Country/TerritoryRussian Federation
CitySaint Petersburg


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