Photonics-based radar for sub-mm displacement sensing

S. Pinna, S. Melo, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, E. Lazzeri, M. Scaffardi, P. Ghelfi, A. Bogoni

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Photonics-based multiband radars have been demonstrated where photonics is exploited for multiple radio frequency (RF) signal generation and detection by means of a single optical local oscillator that replaces the conventional cascades of electrical local oscillators. The ultrawide band and high stability of photonics and the use of a single local oscillator assure very low system phase noise and phase coherence among the RF signals. This phase coherence among multiband signals is exploited to perform differential phase estimation in enhanced submillimeter displacement measures. The system employs stepped frequency continuous waves simultaneously in the S- and X-bands, measuring the differential phase over a frequency span up to 7.4 GHz. The high coherence among the two frequency bands, provided by the photonic architecture, enables very precise displacements measures, allowing to obtain submillimeter precision without using correction algorithms. The presented experimental results demonstrate a precision <200 μm in a range up to 3 km. Moreover, the sharing of the same hardware to handle a multiband operation enables a great reduction of size, weight, power, and footprint of the overall system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5300408
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Volume23
Issue number2
Early online date5 Dec 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

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Keywords

  • Differential phase estimation
  • dual-band radar
  • microwave photonics
  • photonic transceiver

Cite this

Pinna, S., Melo, S., Laghezza, F., Scotti, F., Lazzeri, E., Scaffardi, M., ... Bogoni, A. (2017). Photonics-based radar for sub-mm displacement sensing. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 23(2), 1-8. [5300408]. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSTQE.2016.2635800