Phase relations in the aluminum carbide-aluminum nitride-aluminum oxide system

C. Qiu, R. Metselaar

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The phase diagram of the pseudobinary Al4C3-AlN system was predicted using thermodynamic models. It was combined with previous thermodynamic descriptions of the pseudobinary Al4C3-Al2O3 and AlN-Al2O3systems, and then thermodynamic properties of the pseudoternary Al4C3-AlN-Al2O3system were assessed by modeling the Gibbs energy of the various phases. An ionic-liquid model was applied to the liquid phase and a compound-energy model was applied to the solid-solution phase (2H) that formed between Al2OC and AlN. A series of isothermal sections of the system were calculated in the temperature range of 1000°-2100°C, and reasonable phase relations were established. The calculated isothermal section at 1600°C showed satisfactory agreement with experimental results. The calculated liquidus projection in the Al2O3-rich corner can explain the experimental observation of the microstructure after solidification very well. However, the present description cannot account for the phase segregation inside the solution phase but could be modified in the future, when more experimental information would be available.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2013-2020
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1997


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