Performance of an H-Darrieus in the skewed flow on a roof

S. Mertens, G.A.M. Kuik, van, G.J.W. Bussel, van

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    Application of wind turbines on roofs of higher buildings is a subject of increasing interest. However, the wind conditions at the roof are complex and suitable wind turbines for this application are not yet developed. This paper addresses both issues: the wind conditions on the roof and the behavior of a roof-located wind turbine with respect to optimized energy yield. Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWTs) are to be preferred for operation in a complex wind environment as is found on top of a roof. Since the wind vector at a roof is not horizontal, wind turbines on a roof operate in skewed flow. Thus the behavior of an H-Darrieus (VAWT) is studied in skewed flow condition. Measurements showed that the H-Darrieus produces an increased power output in skewed flow. The measurements are compared with a model based on Blade Element Momentum theory that also shows this increased power output. This in contradiction to a HAWT in skewed flow which suffers from a power decrease. The paper thus concludes that due to this property an H-Darrieus is preferred above the HAWT for operation on a flat roof of higher buildings.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)433-440
    JournalJournal of Solar Energy Engineering
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2003


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