Pedestrian interaction with vehicles : roles of explicit and implicit communication

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    This paper presents a study that aimed to identify the importance of eye contact and gestures between pedestrians and drivers. A video-based observation and coding was undertaken to categorize the road-crossing and communication behavior of pedestrians and drivers in busy traffic situations where efficient negotiation is necessary. The evidence in the study suggests that eye contact does not play a major role in manual driving, that explicit communication is rare to non-existent, and that motion patterns and behaviors of vehicles play a more significant role for pedestrians in efficient traffic negotiations.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAutomotiveUI 2017 - 9th International ACM Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications, Proceedings
    Place of PublicationNew |York
    PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4503-5150-8
    Publication statusPublished - 24 Sept 2017


    • Autonomous vehicles
    • Communication
    • Driver
    • Eye contact
    • Gestures
    • Pedestrian


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