Peak deformation in cationic analysis caused by system zones

J.L. Beckers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


In electrophoretic processes, often zones migrate through the sepn. compartment, with a compn. different from that of the background electrolyte (BGE) but which do not contain, however, any component of the sample mixt. These zones migrate with a mobility mainly detd. by the compn. of the BGE and are called system zones (SZs). If these SZs are visible in electropherograms they are called system peaks (SPs). If sample components have a mobility close to that of a SZ, the sepn. process can be disturbed and the sample peak shapes are deformed. SZs can appear applying BGEs contg. more co-ionic species or if BGEs are used at high or low pH. Recently, the existence of SZs has been described applying BGEs contg. weak multivalent anionic species. In this paper, the diverse kinds of system zones, are discussed for cationic systems and the effect of invisible SZs on sepns. is shown. As an example of a weak multivalent cation, the behavior of the divalent cation histamine is studied, which can be used as co-ion in BGEs for the sepn. of cations in the indirect UV mode. Applying BGEs contg. histamine, SZs are visible in the electropherograms and there existence could also be established theor. by the use of SystCharts. A math. model for the calcn. of the mobility of SZs is verified and it has been shown that an unsafe region with a mobility window of msp +- 10% can be indicated, for the sepn. of fully ionized sample components. [on SciFinder (R)]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2684-2690
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2001


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