Patterns of engagement : the relationship between efficacy beliefs and task engagement at the individual versus the collective level

M. Vera, P.M. Le Blanc, A.W. Taris, M. Salanova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between efficacy beliefs and task engagement in and over time, at both the individual and collective levels. We conducted latent growth curve analyses using data from 372 university students (individual level) who were assigned to one of 79 e-work groups (collective level). The participants carried out three collaborative tasks in a laboratory setting. Results reveal, at both levels, that the level of task engagement of participants and groups with high initial levels of efficacy beliefs remained stable, whereas the level of task engagement of participants and groups with low initial levels of efficacy beliefs decreased significantly over time. Moreover, the relationships linking the parallel constructs were functionally equivalent across levels. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed from the perspective of Bandura's social cognitive theory.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-144
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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