Pattern formation in reverse smoldering combustion : a homogenization approach

E.R. Ijioma, T. Ogawa, A. Muntean

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Abstract

The development of fingering char pattern on the surface of porous thin materials has been investigated in the framework of reverse combustion. This macroscopic characteristic feature of combustible media has also been studied experimentally and through the use of phenomenological models. However, much attention has not been given to the behavior of the emerging patterns based on characteristic material properties. Starting from a microscopic description of the combustion process, macroscopic models of reverse combustion that are derived by the application of the homogenization technique are presented. Using proper scaling by means of a small scale parameter, e, the results of the formal asymptotic procedure are justified by qualitative multiscale numerical simulations at the microscopic and macroscopic levels. We consider two equilibrium models that are based on effective conductivity contrasts, in a simple adiabatic situation, to investigate the formation of unstable fingering patterns on the surface of a charred material. The behavior of the emerging patterns is analyzed using primarily the Péclet number as a control parameter.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEindhoven
PublisherTechnische Universiteit Eindhoven
Number of pages28
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameCASA-report
Volume1218
ISSN (Print)0926-4507

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