Particle size and crystal phase effects in Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts

J. Liu, P. Wang, W. Xu, E.J.M. Hensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)
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Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) is an increasingly important approach for producing liquid fuels and chemicals via syngas—that is, synthesis gas, a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen—generated from coal, natural gas, or biomass. In FTS, dispersed transition metal nanoparticles are used to catalyze the reactions underlying the formation of carbon-carbon bonds. Catalytic activity and selectivity are strongly correlated with the electronic and geometric structure of the nanoparticles, which depend on the particle size, morphology, and crystallographic phase of the nanoparticles. In this article, we review recent works dealing with the aspects of bulk and surface sensitivity of the FTS reaction. Understanding the different catalytic behavior in more detail as a function of these parameters may guide the design of more active, selective, and stable FTS catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)467-476
Number of pages10
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017


  • Crystal structure
  • Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
  • Iron, cobalt, and ruthenium carbides
  • Size effect
  • Iron,cobalt,and ruthenium carbides


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