Particle-resolved hyperspectral pyrometry of metal particles

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We present temperature histories of individual combusting metal particles using hyperspectral pyrometry. This method gives an increase in accuracy over traditionally used two- or three-color pyrometry, while maintaining temporal and spatial resolution. Temperatures can be determined between 1800 to K with a precision of typically 1%. It is shown that the maximum temperature of the burning iron particles increases from 2760 K to 2840 K with an increasing mean particle size from 32 to 54m in air with 21 % oxygen. The relatively high temperatures and its dependence on particle size are possibly related to flow field properties of the current experimental setup. Opportunities for this method, as well as future work, are discussed.
Novelty and Significance Statement: In this article, a method to use a CCD camera and spectrograph as a hyperspectral detector, gaining a wavelength dimension while maintaining two spatial dimensions, is demonstrated and validated. This method is applied to measure the temperature of iron particles, a carbon free and circular energy carrier. This method is then used to prove that there is a particle size dependence on the maximum temperature, an open question which is often disputed in literature. This work will also add a dataset that can be used for the validation of numerical models. There are only two such datasets available for iron at this moment. Our analysis suggests that the heat release of iron is dependent on the slip velocity, possibly due to a circulating flow inside of the particle.
Original languageEnglish
Article number113435
Number of pages12
JournalCombustion and Flame
Early online date1 Apr 2024
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024


  • Hyperspectral pyrometry
  • Iron combustion
  • Metal dust flames
  • Metal fuels
  • Single particle combustion


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