Parametric study of defect detection in pipes with bend using guided ultrasonic waves

Jin Jack Tan, Xin Wang, Ningqun Guo, Jee Hou Ho

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The propagation behaviour of guided ultrasonic waves in a steel pipe with welded bend is studied by finite element simulation. The effectiveness of the longitudinal L(0,2) and torsional T(0,1) guided waves in detecting circumferential cut near the weld is investigated. In order to identify the presence of the defect, the reflection strength due to the cut is studied. The geometry of the weld is constructed based on common V-bevel butt joints and the anisotropy of the 316L stainless steel weld is included to correctly predict the scattering of ultrasonic waves. The finite element model is built to allow high accuracy. Detection of small circumferential cut (up to 60° circumferential extent) can be achieved with longitudinal L(0,2) mode. Detection of moderate to large circumferential cut can be achieved by torsional T(0,1) or longitudinal L(0,2) modes, with T(0,1) mode preferred due to its less mode conversion to higher order modes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number02003
Number of pages1
JournalMATEC Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


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