Pancomputationalism: Theory or metaphor?

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Abstract

The theory that all processes in the universe are computational is attractive in its promise to provide an understandable theory of everything. I want to suggest here that this pancomputationalism is not sufficiently clear on which problem it is trying to solve, and how. I propose two interpretations of pancomputationalism as a theory: I) the world is a computer and II) the world can be described as a computer. The first implies a thesis of supervenience of the physical over computation and is thus reduced ad absurdum. The second is underdetermined by the world, and thus equally unsuccessful as theory. Finally, I suggest that pancomputationalism as metaphor can be useful. – At the Paderborn workshop in 2008, this paper was presented as a commentary to the relevant paper by Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic " Info-Computationalism and Philosophical Aspects of Research in Information Sciences".
Keywords
pancomputationalism computationalism info-computationalism computation realism
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhilosophy, Computing and Information Science
EditorsRuth Hagengruber, Uwe Riss
PublisherTaylor and Francis Ltd.
Pages213-222
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781315653938
ISBN (Print)9781848935082
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes

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