Outage analysis of co-operative two-path relay channels

Qiang Li, Manli Yu, Ashish Pandharipande, Xiaohu Ge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we consider a two-path relay channel (TPRC) with the assistance of two decode-and-forward relays alternatively. Upon successfully decoding a source packet, a relay proceeds to forward the decoded packet to the destination, which brings an interference to the other relay. Owing to this inter-relay interference, the decoding result at one relay in the current time slot depends on the decoding result at the other relay in the previous time slot. Exploiting this single-slot memory, the decoding performance of the relays is analyzed using a Markov chain. Furthermore, since the relay transmission is one slot behind the source transmission, the neighboring source packets received at the destination interfere with one another. Then depending on whether a packet is subject to the residual interference from its previous packet, the decoding performance of the destination can be similarly analyzed using a Markov chain. Thus we can obtain the overall outage probability of TPRC in closed-form expressions. Simulation results are provided to demonstrate the performance of the considered TPRC, where the effects of various parameters are evaluated. By comparisons with existing works, a reasonably good performance is achieved for TPRC with only a single-slot delay.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7381699
Pages (from-to)3157-3169
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Cooperative two-path relay channel
  • decode and- forward
  • inter-relay interference
  • Markov chain
  • outage probability


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