Organizing point sets : space-filling curves, Delaunay tessellations of random point sets, and flow complexes

K. Buchin

Research output: ThesisPhd Thesis 4 Research NOT TU/e / Graduation NOT TU/e)


In this thesis we develop and analyze algorithms for computing space-lling curve orders, Delaunay tessellations and ow complexes of point sets. For space-lling curve orders and Delaunay tessellations the emphasis lies on an average-case analysis of the algorithms. For ow complexes the emphasis lies on their computation in higher dimensions. In a space-lling curve order of a point set, points which are close in the order are also close in space. We discuss algorithms for computing space-lling curve orders based on radix sort. We give an average-case analysis which shows that these orders can be computed in linear expected time for many point distributions. As discrete counterparts of space-lling curves we consider grid traversals and discuss nding optimal grid traversals for dierent locality measures using heuristics for the quadratic assignment problem. The Delaunay tessellation of a point set is a simplicial complex capturing proximity relations of the points. We analyze incremental constructions of Delaunay tessellations along space-lling curve orders. First we give a generalized and rened analysis of incremental constructions con BRIO, i.e., where points are inserted in random rounds. Based on this we analyze incremental constructions along space-lling curve orders for uniformly distributed points from a bounded convex region in the plane, normally distributed points in the plane, and uniformly distributed points from a d-cube in higher dimensions. In the rst case we analyze the expected structure of the Delaunay tessellation and in the other cases the structure of the space-lling curve order. We show for these point distributions that incremental constructions con BRIO of Delaunay tessellations run in linear expected time using space-lling curve orders. The ow complex of a point set is the collection of stable manifolds of the ow induced by the distance function of the point set. We give an algorithm for computing the ow complex in higher dimensions. The algorithm is based on the Delaunay tessellation and Voronoi diagram of the point set and the recursive nature of the ow. Based on this algorithm we give a topological analysis of ow shapes, i.e., the underlying spaces of subcomplexes of the ow complex. In particular we show that ow shapes are homotopy equivalent to the corresponding unions of balls.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Freie Universität Berlin
  • Rote, Günter, Promotor, External person
  • Drysdale, R.L., Promotor, External person
Award date19 Dec 2007
Place of PublicationBerlin
Publication statusPublished - 2007


Dive into the research topics of 'Organizing point sets : space-filling curves, Delaunay tessellations of random point sets, and flow complexes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this