Optimisation of clinical workflow and monitor settings safely reduces alarms in the NICU

G Varisco (Corresponding author), H. van de Mortel, L Cabrera-Quiros, L Atallah, D Hueske-Kraus, X Long, E J E Cottaar, Z Zhan, P Andriessen, C Van Pul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


AIM: To address alarm fatigue, a new alarm management system which ensures a quicker delivery of alarms together with waveform information on nurses' handheld devices was implemented and settings optimised. The effects of this clinical implementation on alarm rates and nurses' responsiveness were measured in an 18-bed single family rooms neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

METHODS: The technical implementation of the alarm management system was followed by clinical workflow optimisation. Alarms and vital parameters from October 2017 to December 2019 were analysed. Measures included monitoring alarms, nurses' response to alarms and time spent by patients in different saturation ranges. A survey among nurses was performed to evaluate changes in alarm rate and use of protocols.

RESULTS: A significant reduction of monitoring alarms per patient days was detected after the optimisation phase (in particular for SpO2 ≤ 80%, P < .001). More time was spent by infants within the optimal peripheral oxygen saturation range (88% < SpO2 < 95%, P < .001). Results from the surveys showed that false alarms are less likely to cause an inappropriate response after the optimisation phase.

CONCLUSION: The implementation of an alarm management solution and an optimisation programme can safely reduce the alarm burden inside of the NICU environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1141-1150
Number of pages10
JournalActa Paediatrica
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2020 The Authors. Acta Paediatrica published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Foundation Acta Paediatrica.


  • alarm
  • alarm management
  • monitoring
  • neonatal intensive care unit
  • safety


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimisation of clinical workflow and monitor settings safely reduces alarms in the NICU'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this