This paper presents the modeling and design of an optimal Energy Management Strategy (EMS) for a flywheel-based hybrid vehicle, that does not use any electrical motor/generator, or a battery, for its hybrid functionalities. The hybrid drive train consists of only low-cost components, such as a flywheel module and a continuously variable transmission. This hybrid drive train is characterized by a relatively small energy capacity (flywheel) and discrete shifts between operation modes, due to the use of clutches. The main design criterion of the optimized EMS is the minimization of the overall fuel consumption, over a pre-defined driving cycle. In addition, comfort criteria are formulated as constraints, e.g., to avoid high-frequent shifting between driving modes. The criteria are used to find the optimal sequence of driving modes and the generated engine torque. Simulations show a fuel saving potential of 20% to 39%, dependent on the chosen driving cycle.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the American Control Conference (ACC 2011), June 29 - July 1, 2011, San Francisco, California|
|Place of Publication||Piscataway|
|Publisher||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
Berkel, van, K., Hofman, T., Vroemen, B. G., & Steinbuch, M. (2011). Optimal energy management for a flywheel-based hybrid vehicle. In Proceedings of the American Control Conference (ACC 2011), June 29 - July 1, 2011, San Francisco, California (pp. 5255-5260). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.