Optical properties (bidirectional reflectance distribution function) of shot fabric

Rong Lu, Jan J. Koenderink, Astrid M.L. Kappers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


To study the optical properties of materials, one needs a complete set of the angular distribution functions of surface scattering from the materials. Here we present a convenient method for collecting a large set of bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) samples in the hemispherical scattering space. Material samples are wrapped around a right-circular cylinder and irradiated by a parallel light source, and the scattered radiance is collected by a digital camera. We tilted the cylinder around its center to collect the BRDF samples outside the plane of incidence. This method can be used with materials that have isotropic and anisotropic scattering properties. We demonstrate this method in a detailed investigation of shot fabrics. The warps and the fillings of shot fabrics are dyed different colors so that the fabric appears to change color at different viewing angles. These color-changing characteristics are found to be related to the physical and geometrical structure of shot fabric. Our study reveals that the color-changing property of shot fabrics is due mainly to an occlusion effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5785-5795
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2000
Externally publishedYes


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