Optical detection of ballistic electrons injected by a scanning-tunneling microscope

M. Kemerink, K. Sauthoff, P.M. Koenraad, J.W. Gerritsen, H. Kempen, van, J.H. Wolter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
162 Downloads (Pure)


We demonstrate a spectroscopic technique which is based on ballistic injection of minority carriers from the tip of a scanning-tunneling microscope into a semiconductor heterostructure. By analyzing the resulting electroluminescence spectrum as a function of tip-sample bias, both the injection barrier height and the carrier scattering rate in the semiconductor can be determined. This technique is complementary to ballistic electron emission spectroscopy since minority instead of majority carriers are injected, which give the opportunity to study the carrier trajectory after injection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2404-2407
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2001


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