The interaction of intense plasma impacting on the wall of a fusion reactor is an area of high and increasing importance in the development of electricity production from nuclear fusion. In the Magnum-PSI linear device, an axial magnetic field confines a high density, low temperature plasma produced by a wall stabilized DC cascaded arc into an intense magnetized plasma beam directed onto a target. The experiment has shown its capability to reach conditions that enable fundamental studies of plasma-surface interactions in the regime relevant for fusion reactors such as ITER: 1023–1025 m−2s−1 hydrogen plasma flux densities at 1–5 eV for tens of seconds by using conventional electromagnets. Recently the machine was upgraded with a superconducting magnet, enabling steady-state magnetic fields up to 2.5 T, expanding the operational space to high fluence capabilities for the first time. Also the diagnostic suite has been expanded by a new 4-channel resistive bolometer array and ion beam analysis techniques for surface analysis after plasma exposure of the target. A novel collective Thomson scattering system has been developed and will be implemented on Magnum-PSI. In this contribution, the current status, capabilities and performance of Magnum-PSI are presented.
- Linear plasma device
- Plasma-surface interactions