One-step synthesis of hierarchical ZSM-5 using cetyltrimethyl-ammonium as mesoporogen and structure directing agent

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Hierarchical ZSM-5 zeolite is hydrothermally synthesized in a single step with cetyltrimethylammonium (CTA) hydroxide acting as mesoporogen and structure-directing agent. Essential to this synthesis is the replacement of NaOH with KOH. An in-depth solid-state NMR study reveals that, after early electrostatic interaction between condensed silica and the headgroup of CTA, ZSM-5 crystallizes around the structure-directing agent. The crucial aspect of using KOH instead of NaOH lies in the faster dissolution of silica, thereby providing sufficient nutrients for zeolite nucleation. The hierarchical ZSM-5 zeolite contains mesopores and shows excellent catalytic performance in the methanol-to-hydrocarbons reaction
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4091–4096
Number of pages6
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number9
Early online date18 Apr 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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