On the magnetic properties of ultra-fine zinc-ferrites

M.R. Anantharaman, S. Jagatheesan, K.A. Malini, S. Sindhu, A. Narayanasamy, C.N. Chinnasamy, J. Jacobs, S. Reijne, K. Seshan, R.H.H. Smits, H.H. Brongersma

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    107 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Zinc ferrite belongs to the class of normal spinels where it is assumed to have a cation distribution of Zn2+(Fe3+)2(O2-)4, and it is purported to be showing zero net magnetisation. However, there have been recent reports suggesting that zinc ferrite exhibits anomaly in its magnetisation. Zinc ferrite samples have been prepared by two different routes and have been analysed using low energy ion scattering, Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetic measurements. The results indicate that zinc occupies octahedral sites, contrary to the earlier belief that zinc occupies only the tetrahedral sites in a normal spinel. The amount of zinc on the B site increases with decrease in particle size. The LEIS results together with the Mössbauer results and the magnetic measurements lead to the conclusion that zinc occupies the B site and the magnetisation exhibited by ultrafine particles of zinc is due to short range ordering.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)83-88
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
    Volume189
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1998

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