On the magnetic phase diagram of PbSnMnTe; carrier induced magnetism (abstract)

H.J.M. Swagten, T. Story, R.J.T. van Kempen, M.M.H. Willekens, W.J.M. De Jonge

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PbySn1-x-yMnxTe in various compositions, including Sn1-xMnxTe, displays an intriguing phase diagram which includes the carrier concentration p as an important parameter. A ferromagnetic state was found to exist only above a critical concentration pc3×1020 cm−3 at which a heavy hole band will be filled and starts to contribute to the RKKY interaction between the Mn ions.1 The present contribution deals with the magnetic phase diagram for low Mn concentrations (<3%) as a function of the carrier density. The low temperature magnetic properties of PbSn(Mn)Te and Sn(Mn)Te were studied by means of magnetization, susceptibility and specific heat. In analogy with the existing results for other compositions, a ferromagnetic state is observed (Tcᶱ2-3 K), for p exceeding pc. However, for extremely high carrier densities, p 1021 cm−3, the data show a substantial deviation from what is commonly observed. This is characterized by a significant drop of Tc well below ᶱ and a rather broad maximum in the specific heat. Tentatively this transformation at higher p might be attributed to a ferromagnetic (F) to spin glass like transition, which, qualitatively, is in harmony with the competitive balance between ferro and antiferromagnetic (AF) exchange characteristic for the simple RKKY interaction: an increasing wave number (p1/3) will increase the number of antiferromagnetically long range coupled ions, at the expense of the strong ferromagnetic coupling between Mn2+ at shorter distances. Moreover, the mean distance between the Mn ions for x=0.02 is such that this delicate interplay between F and AF coupling should be observable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6118
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 1991


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