On the design of ground-based radiometer antennas

P.J.I. de Maagt, J.W. Wittekamp, M.H.A.J. Herben

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    This paper deals with the design of ground-based radiometer antennas. In order to investigate the interaction of the antenna pattern with its noisy surroundings, a model for the brightness temperature of the environment is presented. This is followed by a description of a method for finding a template for the antenna pattern which assures a prescribed measurement accuracy. Therefore, different contributions of the antenna to the uncertainty of the measured brightness temperature are discussed, such as those due to the sidelobes, the non--zero beamwidth and the pointing errors of the positioner. A theoretically optimal antenna configuration is presented and the performance parameters of two often applied reflector antennas are compared with those of the optimal system. Finally, the resulting radiometer-antenna design procedure is presented.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)967-989
    Number of pages23
    JournalInternational Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves
    Volume15
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1994

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