On the design of a watermarking system: Considerations and rationales

Jean Paul Linnartz, Geert Depovere, Ton Kalker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


This paper summarizes considerations and rationales for the design of a watermark detector. In particular, we relate watermark detection to the problem of signal detection in the presence of (structured) noise. The paper builds on the mathematical results from several previously published papers (by our own research group or by others) to verify and support our discussion. In an attempt to unify the theoretical analysis of watermarking schemes, we propose several extensions which clarify the interrelations between the various schemes. New results include the matched filter with whitening, where we consider the effect of the image and watermark spectra and imperfect setting of filter coefficients. The paper reflects our practical experience in developing watermarking systems for DVD copy protection and broadcast monitoring. The aim of this paper is to further develop the insight in the performance of watermark detectors, to discuss appropriate models for their analysis and to provide an intuitive rationale for making design choices for a watermark detector.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInformation Hiding - 3rd International Workshop, IH 1999, Proceedings
EditorsA. Pfitzmann
Place of PublicationBerlin
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)354067182X, 9783540671824
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000
Event3rd International Workshop on Information Hiding (IH 1999) - Dresden, Germany
Duration: 29 Sept 19991 Oct 1999
Conference number: 3

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference3rd International Workshop on Information Hiding (IH 1999)
Abbreviated titleIH 1999


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