We study a one-dimensional model describing the motion of a shape-memory alloy spring at a small characteristic time scale, called here fast-temperature-activation limit. At this level, the standard Falk’s model reduces to a nonlinear elliptic partial differential equation (PDE) with Newton boundary condition. We show existence and uniqueness of a bounded weak solution and approximate this numerically. Interestingly, in spite of the nonlinearity of the model, the approximate solution exhibits nearly a linear profile. Finally, we extend the reduced model to the simplest PDE system for shape memory alloys that can capture oscillations and then damp out these oscillations numerically. The numerical results for both limiting cases show excellent agreement. The graphs show that the valve opens in an instant, which is realistic behavior of the free boundary.
|Journal||Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series S|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|