Olefin copolymerization via controlled radical polymerization : copolymerization of acrylate and 1-octene

R. Venkatesh, S. Harrison, D.M. Haddleton, B. Klumperman

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66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The atom transfer radical copolymn. (ATRP) of Me acrylate (MA) with 1-octene was investigated in detail. Well-controlled copolymers contg. almost 25 mol% of 1-octene were obtained using Et 2-bromoisobutyrate (EBriB) as initiator. Narrow molar mass distributions (MMD) were obtained for the ATRP expts. The feasibility of the ATRP copolymns. was independent of the ligand employed. Copolymns. carried out using 4,4'-dinonyl-2,2'-bipyridine (dNbpy) resulted in good control, with significant octene incorporation in the polymer. The lower overall percent conversion obtained for the dNbpy systems as compared to that of the PMDETA systems was attributed to the redox potential of the formed copper(I)-ligand complex. The comparable free radical (co)polymns. (FRP) resulted in broad MMD.An increase in the fraction of the olefin in the monomer feed led to an increase in the level of incorporation of the olefin in the copolymer, at the expense of the overall percent conversion. There was a good agreement between the values of the reactivity ratios detd. for the ATRP and FRP systems. The formation of the copolymer was established using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). From the obtained MALDI-TOF-MS spectra for the ATRP systems, several units of 1-octene were incorporated in the polymer chain, and only one pair of end groups was obsd. On comparison, in the FRP systems, due to the multitude of side reactions occurring, several end groups were obtained. In general, narrow chem. compn. distributions were obtained for the ATRP systems as compared to FRP
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4406-4416
JournalMacromolecules
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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