Occupancy-based lighting control in open-plan office spaces: A state-of-the-art review

C. de Bakker, M.B.C. Aries, H.S.M. Kort, A.L.P. Rosemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)
330 Downloads (Pure)


Lighting accounts for a significant amount of electrical energy consumption in office buildings, up to 45% of the total consumed. This energy consumption can be reduced by as much as 60% through an occupant-dependent lighting control strategy. With particular focus on open-plan offices, where the application of this strategy is more challenging to apply due to differences in individual occupancy patterns, this paper covers (1) to which extent individual occupancy-based lighting control has been tested, (2) developed, and (3) evaluated. Search terms were defined with use of three categories, namely ‘occupancy patterns’, ‘lighting control strategy’, and ‘office’. Relevant articles were selected by a structured search through key online scientific databases and journals. The 24 studies identified as eligible were evaluated on six criteria: (1) study characteristics, (2) office characteristics, (3) lighting system characteristics, (4) lighting control design, (5) post-occupancy evaluation, and (6) conclusions, and this was used to answer the research questions. It was concluded that the strategy has not been tested yet with field studies in open-plan offices, but that it needs further development before it can be applied in these type of offices. Although lighting currently tends to be controlled at workspace level, many aspects of the strategy can be further developed; there is potential to further increase energy savings on lighting within open-plan office spaces. Individual occupancy-based lighting control requires further validation, focussing on the factors influencing its energy savings, on its cost effectiveness, and on its acceptability for users.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-321
Number of pages14
JournalBuilding and Environment
Early online date25 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017


  • occupancy patterns
  • Energy consumption
  • lighting system
  • office environment
  • user comfort
  • post-occupancy evaluation
  • Lighting system
  • Office environment
  • Occupancy patterns
  • User comfort
  • Post-occupancy evaluation


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