In order to mitigate the effects of salt water intrusion at sea locks, bubble screens are installed which act as a barrier between the dense sea water and the fresh water inland. In order to optimize the design of the bubble screen, in this study a state-of-the-art numerical model is developed based on the Euler-Lagrange CFD method which is expanded with a simple salt balance and concentration-density coupling. The model has been validated by means of experimental results on a laboratory-scale bubble screen. The liquid circulation and entrainment have been investigated for two types of bubble injection methods. It is found that the bubble screen is successful as a separator of salt and fresh water in an initial period of τsep=30 seconds but acts more as a mixer at later times due to the swaying of the screen. The rate of the mixing increases with the air flow rate. Two mechanisms of salt intrusion are distinguished; a delayed density current along the bottom and entrained liquid being circulated through the domain back to the screen. An optimum in air flow rate is found at a Froude air number Frair=0.91. Bubble screen behaviour is also checked at the lock-scale using lock-scale geometry and simulations. The amount of salt transmitted agrees well with the large-scale field tests up until the reported Frair numbers but Frair > > 1 need to be tested to check for the optimum as found in the lab-scale tests.
|Journal||International Journal of Multiphase Flow|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2020|
- Bubble screen
- Computational fluid dynamics
- Experimental validation
- Salt intrusion mitigation