TY - BOOK

T1 - Numerical simulations of aggregate breakup in bounded and unbounded turbulent flows

AU - Babler, M.U.

AU - Biferale, L.

AU - Brandt, L.

AU - Feudel, U.

AU - Guseva, K.

AU - Lanotte, A.S.

AU - Marchioli, C.

AU - Picano, F.

AU - Sardina, G.

AU - Soldati, A.

AU - Toschi, F.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Breakup of small aggregates in fully developed turbulence is studied by means of direct numerical simulations in a series of typical bounded and unbounded flow configurations, such as a turbulent channel flow, a developing boundary layer, and homogeneous isotropic turbulence. Aggregate breakup occurs when the local hydrodynamic stress $\sigma\sim \varepsilon^{1/2}$, where $\varepsilon$ is the energy dissipation at the position of the aggregate, overcomes a given threshold $\sigma_\mathrm{cr}$, characteristic for a given type of aggregates. Results show that the breakup rate decreases with increasing threshold. For small thresholds, it develops a universal scaling among the different flows. For high thresholds, the breakup rates show strong differences among the different flow configurations, highlighting the importance of non-universal mean-flow properties. To further assess the effects of flow inhomogeneity and turbulent fluctuations, results are compared with those obtained in a smooth stochastic flow. Furthermore, we discuss limitations and applicability of a set of independent proxies.

AB - Breakup of small aggregates in fully developed turbulence is studied by means of direct numerical simulations in a series of typical bounded and unbounded flow configurations, such as a turbulent channel flow, a developing boundary layer, and homogeneous isotropic turbulence. Aggregate breakup occurs when the local hydrodynamic stress $\sigma\sim \varepsilon^{1/2}$, where $\varepsilon$ is the energy dissipation at the position of the aggregate, overcomes a given threshold $\sigma_\mathrm{cr}$, characteristic for a given type of aggregates. Results show that the breakup rate decreases with increasing threshold. For small thresholds, it develops a universal scaling among the different flows. For high thresholds, the breakup rates show strong differences among the different flow configurations, highlighting the importance of non-universal mean-flow properties. To further assess the effects of flow inhomogeneity and turbulent fluctuations, results are compared with those obtained in a smooth stochastic flow. Furthermore, we discuss limitations and applicability of a set of independent proxies.

M3 - Report

T3 - arXiv

BT - Numerical simulations of aggregate breakup in bounded and unbounded turbulent flows

PB - s.n.

ER -