Numerical simulation of binary droplet collisions using a front tracking interface technique

C. García Llamas, V.V. Swami, B.A.G. Timmermans, K.A. Buist, J.A.M. Kuipers, M.W. Baltussen (Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Droplet-droplet interactions of highly viscous liquids or suspensions are relevant in a broad range of industrial applications, such as spray drying, fuel injection or, coating and granulation. The efficiency of these processes is heavily determined by the surface area and volume of the droplets. To operate these processes efficiently, it is critical to accurately describe the physical mechanisms dominating the collision. Nonetheless, a complete description of the forces governing the collision is still missing, particularly when the liquids have a high viscosity. Front tracking techniques represent a promising alternative for studying droplet-droplet interactions as they ensure a sharper representation of the liquid-gas interface. In this work, the Local Front Reconstruction Method (LFRM) is the front tracking technique chosen as it allows merging and break-up. The validation of this method is extended for different Weber numbers, impact parameters, and liquid properties by determining the capabilities of LFRM to reproduce the collision of glycerol solution droplets. The simulation results are validated with dedicated experiments performed at the same Weber and impact parameter conditions. In the majority of the studied collisions, LFRM shows a good correspondence with experiments and literature, which proves the ability of LFRM to capture droplet collisions under the studied conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119510
Number of pages13
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2024


This work is part the “EEMS - Energy Efficient Milky Sprays” project which took place within the framework of the Institute of Sustainable Process Technology (ISPT) and was co-financed by the TKI-Energy & Industry, Danone, DSM and FrieslandCampina. More information can be found at the EEMS website. Special thanks to C. M. Y. Claassen for her contributions in the implementation of the LFRM framework.

FundersFunder number
Institute for Sustainable Process Technology (ISPT)


    • Direct numerical simulation
    • Droplet-droplet collisions
    • Front tracking
    • LFRM


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