Numerical models to predict steady and unsteady thermal-hydraulic behaviour of supercritical water flow in circular tubes

G. Dutta, R. Maitri, C. Zhang, J. Jiang

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Abstract

The present paper is aimed at the development of numerical models to predict steady and unsteady thermal-hydraulic behaviour of supercritical water flow at various operating conditions. A simple one-dimensional numerical thermal-hydraulic model based on a finite-difference scheme has been developed. A detailed CFD analysis based on two turbulence models, Reynolds Stress Model and k–¿ SST model, has also been presented in this paper. Seven experimental cases of steady state and vertically up flowing supercritical water in circular tubes operated at various working regimes, such as normal and deteriorated heat transfer regions, are used to validate the numerical models. Comparisons for steady state flow show good agreement between the numerical and experimental results for all normal heat transfer cases and most of the deteriorated heat transfer cases. Next, the numerical models are used for transient simulations. Three case studies are undertaken with a purpose to quantify the time dependent responses from both the 1-D model and CFD model. The comparisons carried out for both the normal and deteriorated heat transfer conditions show a good agreement between the two numerical models.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-165
JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
Volume289
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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