Numerical modelling of a pressurised entrained-flow gasification simulator.

P.H. Bouma, L.P.H. Goey, de, M.J. Tummers, J.H.A. Kiel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In order to study the gasification process of coal particles, two small scale Entrained-Flow Gasification simulators were developed at the Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN). The Atm. Entrained-Flow Gasification Combustion simulator (AEFGC-simulator) offers the possibility to study gasification and combustion processes exptl. at atm. pressures. With the Pressurized Entrained-Flow Gasification simulator (PEFG-simulator) the conditions during the gasification process at high pressures can be simulated exptl. Both simulators consist of a circular tube with three concentric inlets: two burners and an annular inlet for a co-flow. Coal particles can be inserted through the center burner into the simulator. It is possible to use several gas mixts. up to a pressure of 20 bar (only for the PEFG-simulator) by varying the operational conditions of the burners. To select appropriate exptl. settings, a numerical model was developed to predict the compn. and temp. of the gas phase within the simulators without particles. The model focuses on the mixing and reaction processes within the simulators. The inlet boundary conditions are computed by a sep. combustion code, while the reactions within the simulator are assumed to be diffusion limited. All the important coeffs. are temp. and mixt. dependent. Due to the high concn. of radiating species (CO, CO2 and H2O) gas radiation is important. The absorption coeff. is detd. using the Edwards exponential wide band model. Comparison of the preliminary modeling results at one bar with the model predicts the compn. and temps. at the center axis of the AEFGC-simulator reasonably well, although further research is necessary.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProc. 2nd Int. Symp. on Comp. Techn. for Fluid/Thermal/Chemical Systems with Industrial Applications
EditorsC.R. Kleijn, S. Kawano
Place of PublicationBoston USA
Pages227-236
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Eventconference; ASME, PVP- vol. 397-1 -
Duration: 1 Jan 1999 → …

Conference

Conferenceconference; ASME, PVP- vol. 397-1
Period1/01/99 → …
OtherASME, PVP- vol. 397-1

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Gasification
Simulators
Fuel burners
Gases
Coal
Numerical models
Boundary conditions
Radiation

Cite this

Bouma, P. H., Goey, de, L. P. H., Tummers, M. J., & Kiel, J. H. A. (1999). Numerical modelling of a pressurised entrained-flow gasification simulator. In C. R. Kleijn, & S. Kawano (Eds.), Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. on Comp. Techn. for Fluid/Thermal/Chemical Systems with Industrial Applications (pp. 227-236). Boston USA.
Bouma, P.H. ; Goey, de, L.P.H. ; Tummers, M.J. ; Kiel, J.H.A. / Numerical modelling of a pressurised entrained-flow gasification simulator. Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. on Comp. Techn. for Fluid/Thermal/Chemical Systems with Industrial Applications. editor / C.R. Kleijn ; S. Kawano. Boston USA, 1999. pp. 227-236
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abstract = "In order to study the gasification process of coal particles, two small scale Entrained-Flow Gasification simulators were developed at the Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN). The Atm. Entrained-Flow Gasification Combustion simulator (AEFGC-simulator) offers the possibility to study gasification and combustion processes exptl. at atm. pressures. With the Pressurized Entrained-Flow Gasification simulator (PEFG-simulator) the conditions during the gasification process at high pressures can be simulated exptl. Both simulators consist of a circular tube with three concentric inlets: two burners and an annular inlet for a co-flow. Coal particles can be inserted through the center burner into the simulator. It is possible to use several gas mixts. up to a pressure of 20 bar (only for the PEFG-simulator) by varying the operational conditions of the burners. To select appropriate exptl. settings, a numerical model was developed to predict the compn. and temp. of the gas phase within the simulators without particles. The model focuses on the mixing and reaction processes within the simulators. The inlet boundary conditions are computed by a sep. combustion code, while the reactions within the simulator are assumed to be diffusion limited. All the important coeffs. are temp. and mixt. dependent. Due to the high concn. of radiating species (CO, CO2 and H2O) gas radiation is important. The absorption coeff. is detd. using the Edwards exponential wide band model. Comparison of the preliminary modeling results at one bar with the model predicts the compn. and temps. at the center axis of the AEFGC-simulator reasonably well, although further research is necessary.",
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Bouma, PH, Goey, de, LPH, Tummers, MJ & Kiel, JHA 1999, Numerical modelling of a pressurised entrained-flow gasification simulator. in CR Kleijn & S Kawano (eds), Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. on Comp. Techn. for Fluid/Thermal/Chemical Systems with Industrial Applications. Boston USA, pp. 227-236, conference; ASME, PVP- vol. 397-1, 1/01/99.

Numerical modelling of a pressurised entrained-flow gasification simulator. / Bouma, P.H.; Goey, de, L.P.H.; Tummers, M.J.; Kiel, J.H.A.

Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. on Comp. Techn. for Fluid/Thermal/Chemical Systems with Industrial Applications. ed. / C.R. Kleijn; S. Kawano. Boston USA, 1999. p. 227-236.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Goey, de, L.P.H.

AU - Tummers, M.J.

AU - Kiel, J.H.A.

PY - 1999

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N2 - In order to study the gasification process of coal particles, two small scale Entrained-Flow Gasification simulators were developed at the Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN). The Atm. Entrained-Flow Gasification Combustion simulator (AEFGC-simulator) offers the possibility to study gasification and combustion processes exptl. at atm. pressures. With the Pressurized Entrained-Flow Gasification simulator (PEFG-simulator) the conditions during the gasification process at high pressures can be simulated exptl. Both simulators consist of a circular tube with three concentric inlets: two burners and an annular inlet for a co-flow. Coal particles can be inserted through the center burner into the simulator. It is possible to use several gas mixts. up to a pressure of 20 bar (only for the PEFG-simulator) by varying the operational conditions of the burners. To select appropriate exptl. settings, a numerical model was developed to predict the compn. and temp. of the gas phase within the simulators without particles. The model focuses on the mixing and reaction processes within the simulators. The inlet boundary conditions are computed by a sep. combustion code, while the reactions within the simulator are assumed to be diffusion limited. All the important coeffs. are temp. and mixt. dependent. Due to the high concn. of radiating species (CO, CO2 and H2O) gas radiation is important. The absorption coeff. is detd. using the Edwards exponential wide band model. Comparison of the preliminary modeling results at one bar with the model predicts the compn. and temps. at the center axis of the AEFGC-simulator reasonably well, although further research is necessary.

AB - In order to study the gasification process of coal particles, two small scale Entrained-Flow Gasification simulators were developed at the Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN). The Atm. Entrained-Flow Gasification Combustion simulator (AEFGC-simulator) offers the possibility to study gasification and combustion processes exptl. at atm. pressures. With the Pressurized Entrained-Flow Gasification simulator (PEFG-simulator) the conditions during the gasification process at high pressures can be simulated exptl. Both simulators consist of a circular tube with three concentric inlets: two burners and an annular inlet for a co-flow. Coal particles can be inserted through the center burner into the simulator. It is possible to use several gas mixts. up to a pressure of 20 bar (only for the PEFG-simulator) by varying the operational conditions of the burners. To select appropriate exptl. settings, a numerical model was developed to predict the compn. and temp. of the gas phase within the simulators without particles. The model focuses on the mixing and reaction processes within the simulators. The inlet boundary conditions are computed by a sep. combustion code, while the reactions within the simulator are assumed to be diffusion limited. All the important coeffs. are temp. and mixt. dependent. Due to the high concn. of radiating species (CO, CO2 and H2O) gas radiation is important. The absorption coeff. is detd. using the Edwards exponential wide band model. Comparison of the preliminary modeling results at one bar with the model predicts the compn. and temps. at the center axis of the AEFGC-simulator reasonably well, although further research is necessary.

M3 - Chapter

SP - 227

EP - 236

BT - Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. on Comp. Techn. for Fluid/Thermal/Chemical Systems with Industrial Applications

A2 - Kleijn, C.R.

A2 - Kawano, S.

CY - Boston USA

ER -

Bouma PH, Goey, de LPH, Tummers MJ, Kiel JHA. Numerical modelling of a pressurised entrained-flow gasification simulator. In Kleijn CR, Kawano S, editors, Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. on Comp. Techn. for Fluid/Thermal/Chemical Systems with Industrial Applications. Boston USA. 1999. p. 227-236